Marriage and family therapist Systemic family psychotherapy is a young industry in psychological practice. This is a special approach and specific method that was developed specifically for family systems. Conceptually at the heart of family psychotherapy stands cybernetics, general systems theory. The main theses defining the system are:
(1) The whole is greater than the sum of the parts.
(2) All parts and processes are mutually conditioned and mutually influence each other.
The hypothesis is that the system is primary to its members. Members of the family act, is not subject to its requirements and the rules of a functioning system (family).
(3) The family system is not guilty and innocent.
(4) The processes of interaction in the family system are circular and not linear. There cannot determine what cause is and what result.
Family counseling is notable that in the therapeutic study arrives the whole family, not just one member thereof (another question is when, in the course of work on tactical considerations, the therapist decided to work individually with one or another family member).
Family counseling is based on its work with the representatives of the whole family as a single organism. This is because the family is united by many things: a general place to live, budget, rules of life and relationships, history, etc. All members are in constant interaction. Family members talk or silence can be seen once a year or split day and night, sick, conflicting, to love, learns, journey, etc. In these processes all members mutually influence each other and justifying their behavior to one another.
Interaction within the family may be:
a / functional and
b / dysfunctional.
When tested the effects of family relationship, then there is a need for consultation with a family psychotherapist.
Family – this is an extremely complex social organism, which has not its appearance (eg marriage) must constantly evolve, to change to adapt to intra-family relationships and demands of the outside world.
The life of the family system is subject to two conflicting one another law:
a. Act homeostasis (constancy, balance);
b. Development Act
The first requires the maintenance of equilibrium and the second – development forward adaptation.
According to the law of development, each family in the course of its existence, experiencing a number of different events that are related to its life cycle: birth of a child, the beginning of social life outside of the child (entering kindergarten, school), changes in age family members, separation of children from the family, the death of either spouse, etc.
Each of these elements lead to the development crisis in the family. If for some reason it cannot be able to respond flexibly to change your life, family conflicts occur, leading to divorce, it is possible to display symptomatic behavior, disease and other unpleasant phenomena through which the family adapts to new conditions. Thus maintaining the state of homeostasis in the family system.
Example: Consider the commonplace – first degree at school who wishes to attend school, be afraid, stated that there is no friends, that it is difficult to occur symptoms – anxiety, fear of the dark, nightmares, constant colds, etc. – a familiar picture.
It is normal to ask: “Why these symptoms do not appear in any first grade, or if some of them occur so quickly subside, as they appeared, while others do not?”